15 ton coal fired horizontal steam boiler
Factors that affect factors superheated steam temperature changes affect food factory superheated 15 ton coal fired horizontal steam boiler plant food temperature variation effects superheated steam boiler temperature variation food factory, 1, 2 changes, and the air volume ratio of 3 changes, burner fuel properties and 4, 6, 7, change the saturated steam temperature change and desuperheating water flow operation mode change in water temperature in the pulverizing system 5, the heating surface cleanliness variation boiler load variations. Change in fuel volatile carbon content, calorific value and the like: 1. Variations in the nature of the fuel. When the roughening coal, fuel combustion in the furnace a long time, the center of the flame increases, the steam temperature. When the fuel water is increased, the heat absorption of water evaporation furnace, the furnace temperature is lowered, the increase in humidity, but also increases the volume of the flue gas, the flue gas flow increases, reducing the superheater heat radiation, convection superheater heat absorption is increased. 2. And change the air volume ratio: when increasing the oxygen content of the furnace, the low temperature due to heat absorption of cold air, the furnace temperature is lowered, the furnace outlet temperature. At a total gas flow is constant, a change will also cause shifts air distribution steam temperature. When a low flow rate is insufficient, part of incomplete combustion of pulverized coal, the flame center is moved upward, the furnace exit gas temperature. 3, changing the operating mode of the burners and pulverizing system: operating system will result in an upper pulverizing the steam temperature is increased, the swing angle of the burner changes, the change in center of the flame, steam temperature changes.
Why horizontal gas 15 ton coal fired horizontal steam boiler to run under negative pressure? Horizontal Gas-fired steam boilers are generally negative pressure operation, if the pressure is running high temperature flue gas will cause the furnace to burn jet furnace walls and insulation, but also endanger the safety of operating personnel , the negative pressure is not too large, generally -10 ~ -30Pa, small oil-fired boiler is generally because there is no draft fan for the combustion positive pressure. For improving the thermal efficiency of the boiler has the following methods: a low pressure industrial boiler manufacturers has been designed in consideration of the problem of overheating efficiency, device, or change from the flue gas energy aspects is not possible and thus the best energy boiler operation starting from the (here not On the recovered water of vapor condensation). According to statistics survey, the current design of the thermal efficiency of domestic low-voltage industrial boilers is generally 70 to 90%, generally the actual operation of the thermal efficiency of about 60 to 80%, some even below 50%, a small low pressure industrial boilers as long as the operation, maintenance properly, design can achieve the thermal efficiency of the boiler manufacturers. I think the management and operation of the boiler should pay attention to the following points: First, to monitor the boiler exhaust gas temperature. Usually the largest boiler flue gas heat loss is a loss, so control the boiler flue gas temperature is very important, general industrial boilers low pressure gas (mainly refers to less than 10 tons of boiler and pressure of 1.6MPa, the same below) of the exhaust gas temperature is 150 ~ 180 ℃, oil-fired boiler exhaust gas temperature is 210 ~ 240 ℃, when the exhaust gas temperature is too high to find the cause and timely elimination. Causes of high temperature exhaust gas boiler are: a chamber negative pressure is too high, short-circuiting flue gases, the heat pipe 3 soot is too thick, too thick scale pan 4, etc., oil-fired boiler exhaust gas temperature is too high reasons : 1 air not adjusted oil, the oil is not completely burned in the chimney secondary combustion occurs aft, 2 soot too, the need for timely cleaning, the flue gas short circuit 3, 4 is too thick scale, etc. second, the control of boiler blowdown rate. General industrial boiler blowdown rate controlled at 5 to 10%, in the pot of water to ensure that qualified (mainly total alkalinity and pH) under the premise of boiler blowdown rate as low as possible, the sewage to adhere to the "ground row, row less, uniform discharge "principle. Third, the maintenance of good boiler furnace wall insulation. Boiler heat loss is also a relatively large heat losses, now the boiler manufacturers in the manufacturing and design has been well thought out, so we do not need to change, we just trying to be difficult to maintain. Outsourcing surface temperature generally does not exceed the boiler 50 ℃, such as too high will have to find out the reasons, timely elimination. Boiler insulation should always be kept dry for gas boilers, pressure must not run long, or easy to damage the coal furnace wall and gate and so on. Fourth, adjust the ratio of fuel and air volume, complete combustion of the fuel as possible. Small boilers generally do not have the amount of wind testing instruments, we can only go by experience adjustment. For oil-fired boiler, the normal combustion flame was yellow-white, non-glare, flame stability, no visible smoke chimney; for gas boiler, the normal combustion flame as a light yellow, no visible smoke stack, substantially cinder burn coal particles as uniform as possible. Fifth, there must be complete boiler water treatment. Complete boiler water treatment and water quality testing can maximize prevent boiler scaling and correct guidance of the sewage, but it did not do a lot of small boilers, companies usually do not pay attention.
How to avoid the food processing enterprises boiler water pollution? How to avoid the food processing enterprises boiler water pollution? How to avoid the food processing enterprises boiler water pollution? It is well known in the food production process, many sectors need to use boilers, such as cooking, faced with the problem of sewage treatment, also with a certain level sterilization, dry, wine and so on. In the country's growing emphasis on environmental protection, continue to increase supervision of enterprises under the enterprise adoption of what approach to avoiding disadvantages, complete sustainable development? Primary, flue gas collection equipment processing equipment. Since SMEs by financial constraints, skills, and other places, a time can not be cut all the transformation, it is possible, after passing through the coal-fired boiler exhaust gas purifying exhaust purification device tail device, such as a fume hood, an exhaust gas collection processing device, effectively to prevent the direct discharge of black smoke, a serious impact on the surrounding environment. Second, clean power conversion, such as coal gas, coal to electricity. I learned that a beer factory invested more than 10 million will replace all coal-fired boilers, gas-fired. Now, 180 tons of 15 ton coal fired horizontal steam boiler plant now farewell all coal, burning a low nitrogen gas cleaning switch, effectively reduce pollution. And compared with previous coal-fired boilers, coal saving more than 80,000 tons per year business.
Since 2017, Yongji County, Jilin Province to respond positively to the State Council issued the "Air Pollution Prevention Action Plan" to carry out corresponding work strictly in accordance with national, provincial and municipal environmental requirements.
It is reported that out of Yongji County vigorously promote the renovation work of small coal-fired boilers, promulgated and implemented the "little out of Yongji County boiler work program" to develop "a furnace policy" policy, no longer approve new steam 10 t / h coal-fired boiler , while promoting the phase-out of small coal-fired boilers.
For small coal-fired boiler phase-out program has been effectively implemented, Yongji County Government has formulated "Yongji County eliminate small coal-fired boiler renovation award up approach", the county built area of active users to carry out remediation work out of coal-fired boilers by small standard for financial awards complement, after the introduction of premium policy, and in the mouth before the town government to convene Yongji economic Development Zone, the area held a small coal-fired boilers user related meetings, arrangements for specific phase-out management work, and to a great extent to promote the progress of small coal-fired boilers eliminated.
Since the initial carry out small coal-fired boiler renovation work in 2017 to the present day, Yongji county built-up areas out of a total of 59 small coal-fired boiler units, a total of 16 sets of 20 tons of steam / hour non-electric and coal-fired boilers intention has been completed to upgrade pollution control facilities renovation work.