3000KG Horizontal Fire tube Heavy Oil Steam Boiler for Industrial
Why boiler furnace exhaust gas temperature increases heat losses the heat loss is largest in a boiler, furnace 6% is generally fed to the heat, the exhaust gas temperature increasing every 12 ~ 15 ℃, heat losses to an increase of 0.5%. Therefore, the exhaust gas temperature is one of the most important indicators boiler operation. Here are a few reasons may cause the furnace exhaust gas temperature rise: (1) heating surface slagging, fouling. Whether waterwall slagging furnace fouling, or superheater, convection bank, and economizer preheater fouling are due to increased resistance measured smoke, heat deterioration of the cooling effect deteriorates the flue gas, resulting in increased exhaust gas temperature. (2) the excess air ratio is too large. Under normal circumstances, the furnace outlet increases as the excess air ratio of the exhaust gas temperature rises. After the excess air ratio increases, while the amount of smoke increases, the speed increase of smoke, heat strengthening of exiled, but less than the degree of increase in heat transfer gas volume increases more. It will be appreciated as the tobacco rate increased, the time to heat to the flue gas working fluid left the heating surface. (3) leakage factor is too large. Tail shaft furnace and boiler flue negative pressure leakage is inevitable, and provides a heating surface allowed leakage coefficient. When the coefficient of air leakage increases, the influence of the exhaust gas temperature and overfire air coefficient increases similarly. And the closer the leakage furnace, exhaust gas temperature raising effect on the greater. (4) water temperature. When the turbine load is low or high pressure splitting when the heater temperature of the boiler feedwater will decrease. Generally, when the water temperature rises, if the amount of fuel is maintained constant, the temperature difference decreases economizer, economizer heat absorption decreases the exhaust gas temperature rises. (5) the fuel moisture. The fuel in the flue gas to increase the amount of water increases, and therefore the exhaust gas temperature rises. (6) boiler load. Although the boiler load increases, the amount of smoke, the amount of steam to the water, the air amount increases in proportion, but since the furnace exit gas temperature is increased, so that the exhaust gas temperature rises. After the load is increased to increase the furnace outlet temperature, followed by convection heating surface temperature difference increases, an increase in heat absorption, the more so the convection heating surface, the smaller the impact load change of a boiler exhaust gas temperature. (7) The fuel species. When burning low calorific value gas, since the furnace temperature is lowered to reduce the radiation heat transfer in the furnace, the low calorific value gas in a non-combustible components, mainly N2, CO2, H2O more, the amount of flue gas increases, the exhaust gas temperature rise high. Pulverized after burning oil, although oil-fired furnace outlet when the excess air ratio than the coal is low, but the little ash fuel oil, and no larger soot particles, larger ash particles in the flue gas absent the cleaning action of surface heating, convection heating surface more polluting. So bad combustion, often black smoke boiler flue gas temperature. When the tail has means ash ball, since the tail cleaner, the exhaust gas temperature is slightly lower than the burning coal. (8) milling system operation. Bunker has a reservoir of closed milling system is concerned, when the pulverizing system is running, because a portion of the water in the fuel into the furnace, the furnace temperature is reduced and the amount of smoke increases, the leakage into the pulverizing system is running as the primary cold air air into the furnace, to reduce the amount of air flowing through the air preheater to the exhaust gas temperature rises. Conversely, when the exhaust gas temperature is reduced pulverizing system outage.
It is reported that Jinjiang City of Fujian Province will be fully started tackling air pollution prevention and control work, Market Authority as a proactive, Take Measures to promote coal-fired boiler renovation work.
Market Authority through three initiatives to further improve the environmental air treatment Jinjiang City, Jinjiang create "blue sky": strict criteria, the better the mark.
Actively cooperate with environmental protection, by letter and other relevant departments, coal-fired boilers do not meet environmental policy, shall not start to inform, Supervision, Inspection and registration certificate for the use of strict coal-fired boilers access gateway, departmental interaction, ensure its effectiveness.
Strengthen communication and coordination with environmental protection, by letter and other related departments and Towns, a solid job of remediation coal-fired boilers, out of work.
Combined area of gas supply, heating pipe network coverage, and vigorously promote the use of natural gas, electricity and other clean energy, and take the way government subsidies, coal-fired boiler to remove their push to ensure the prevention and control of atmospheric achieve results.
Step up publicity services in place. Organization of the market supervision area of propaganda out of coal-fired boilers policy of the increase, according to the sense of service, "a visit to promote a" do a good job guidance subsidies, removal and cancellation of work, and guide to remove their coal-fired boilers, and required to apply for removal of cancellation.
25 ton natural gas boiler used in a Malaysia food factory
This 25 ton natural gas boiler used in a Malaysia food factory is the szs series oil and gas water tube boiler produced by CBM. Food factories are inseparable from steam boilers. The SZS series oil and gas fuel boiler is a double drum vertical D-type boiler with fast assembly water tube structure and micro positive pressure in operation. The boiler adopts whole membrane wall structure, water-cooling wall uses close-row structure which ensures the boiler has high performance and is suitable for heat radiation exchange.
Working principle and structural characteristics of 3000kg horizontal fire tube steam boiler for industrial
Steam boiler has brought great convenience to industry. Steam boiler has driven the development of the times. The following is a brief introduction to the structural characteristics and working principle of steam boiler. Steam boiler is a machine that mainly produces steam, and many people use it, but many of them do not know much about its structure and working principle. It makes use of coal, oil, natural gas and other water-tube steam boilers with limited capacity and pressure. There is a large desire to space, and easy to arrange, steam boiler in a variety of forms. Water is heated in the drum into steam, and the heat emitted by fire in the furnace is the principle of a steam boiler. Work of steam boiler Principle:
1, the heat generated by pulverized coal combustion in the furnace is first absorbed by the water wall through radiative heat transfer, and the water boiling of the water wall is vaporized, producing a large amount of steam into the steam drum for steam separation (except for direct flow furnaces). The separated saturated steam enters the superheater and continues to absorb the flue gas heat at the top of the furnace and the horizontal flue and the tail flue through radiation and convection, and enables the superheated steam to reach the required working temperature. The steam boiler for power generation is usually equipped with a reheater, which is used to heat the steam after the high-pressure cylinder does work, and the reheat steam comes out of the reheater to go back to the middle, and the low-pressure cylinder continues to do the work to generate electricity.
2. When the pulverized coal stove is working, The position of the center of the flame will affect the amount of evaporation, generally speaking, if the center of the flame is low, the amount of evaporation will be large, and the position of the center of the flame will also affect the temperature of the superheated steam or reheated steam, as well as the high value of the flame center and the small amount of evaporation. When the flame center is low, the superheated steam, especially the reheated steam temperature, will be low and vice versa.
3, the arrangement of burners, as far as coal powder furnace is concerned, there are many kinds of combustion modes, such as front and rear wall, tangential combustion, double tangential combustion, and so on, each of which has its own characteristics. The influence on steam can not be directly determined because the same furnace can not apply the above-mentioned arrangement methods at the same time.