energy saving lignite coal szl steam boiler
Recently, Beihai City, Guangxi Province, issued a notice of Beihai City in Spring 2019, the comprehensive management of tackling air pollution control action program (hereinafter referred to as "Notice"), mainly for the further implement the State Council "to win the Battle of Blue Sky three-year action plan" " Guangxi tackling air pollution control three-year operational plan (2018-2020 years) "and" Guangxi 2019 spring tackling air pollution control comprehensive management action plan "to complete the Beihai tackling air pollution control tasks and achieve the 2019 goal of improving the quality of atmospheric environment.
First, the key tasks
1, and comprehensive utilization of straw Jinshao special action. County area to develop and implement straw Jinshao work program, refinement department, streets, towns, villages regulatory responsibility, the implementation of "fixed, regular, fixed people, will be responsible for" management and control, establish full coverage, no dead ends grid of the regulatory system, full use of the overhead video, satellite remote sensing, unmanned aerial vehicles inspections, straw burning a variety of means to closely monitor the information grid monitoring platform. Strengthen the inspection of law enforcement inspection, severely crack down on open burning of straw behavior. Increase efforts to promote comprehensive utilization technology of straw, conditional county incentives to take subsidies. Focus on sugarcane crop leaf prohibiting the work, in accordance with the principle of territorial management, the development of sugar cane leaves prohibiting management program, to strengthen the unified management, unified utilization, unified treatment and disposal. Municipal Agricultural Bureau, the Municipal Office of the sugar industry to strengthen guidance and support for the comprehensive development of the use of sugar cane leaves, the full implementation of mechanized harvesting of sugarcane, sugar cane fields and comprehensive utilization of straw has broken.
2, urban dust comprehensive management of special operations. The urban dust control content into the focus of supervision and improve the system of dust control mechanisms, the establishment of the construction site with information technology platform construction, water conservancy projects, the implementation of dynamic site inventory management. Supervise the implementation of the site around the site enclosure, stockpiling cover, wet earth excavation work, the main road hardening, cleaning out the vehicle, sediment transport vehicles sealed "six percent", temporarily unable to start construction land should be covered. The construction site dust pollution prevention and control into the "civilized construction" category management, dust control costs are included in the project cost; according to the law will not be in place of harmful dust management information into the construction market credit management system, in serious cases, be included in the construction market players " blacklist". Rinse vigorously promote road sweeping mechanized operations, improve road mechanized cleaning of urban built-up area. Sediment transport, coal, ore, gravel and other transportation vehicle is not confined to do, strictly punished according to law.
3, industrial enterprises air pollution comprehensive management of special operations. According to Beihai City "scattered pollution" inventory accounting, to further improve that standard and rectification requirements, classification of promoting the "messy dirty" business regulation, focusing on remediation of the city and the surrounding "messy dirty" business. Strengthen the coal-fired boilers (including biomass boilers) and brick, ceramics and other industries industrial furnaces supervision, strengthen law enforcement. Encryption of iron and steel, building materials, nonferrous metals, thermal power, cement, brick, calcium carbonate and other business materials (waste) storage, handling, crushing, transportation and other aspects of the inspection frequency of inspections, strict implementation of consecutive daily penalties, limited production shutdown and other means strictly according to law penalties for environmental violations. Focus sessions focused their attention on the process of pollution, thermal power, steel, cement, bricks, ceramics, wood processing, sugar high emission enterprises, especially in built-up urban area of business, and strictly control the total amount of air pollutant emissions.
What part of the body including the boiler? What role have? It comprises a crucible and the furnace: a body: refers to a soda boiler system, which is superheated by the reheater water preheating system and a vaporization system composed of dry steam. The role of the high-pressure boiler feedwater heater through the further heating evaporation, for the purpose of blowing rpm turbine to do work. System configuration: economizer, the drum, the downcomer, water wall, superheater, reheater, economizer high pressure heater outlet feedwater is introduced into the economizer, economizer tube within an outer absorber tube gas and fly ash heat, water temperature increases to about 300 ℃ drum water out from the economizer line into the bubble along the top of the boiler disposed outside. Drum lower half of the water, the upper half steam. Unsaturated high pressure drop along the water reaches the bottom of the bubble tube at the bottom of the lower header outside the boiler, a number of pipes mounted in parallel on the bottom of the boiler around the lower header, the furnace by the upward flow of the absorbent in the central flame of the inner tube wall pipe convective heat radiation heat transfer and high temperature flue gas. Since the heat absorption is much less than the water vapor, the water wall within a predetermined vaporization rate can not be greater than 40%, because the working fluid will easily melt late Wall water absorbing tube rupture occurred. Downcomer role is water vapor to the bag waterwall lower header, to establish a water circulation. Wall water in the tank through the second line and then returned to the boiler water wall, the water in the drum is completed, the downcomer, the circulation between the superheater waterwall separated in the steam drum is withdrawn from the top of the drum, laying into the first top ceiling superheater, then through the cladding wall superheater, low temperature superheater, platen superheater, to a high temperature superheater, after reaching the rated temperature of the heating steam turbine into work. After the reheater boiler is also provided with a large reheat means that steam from the high pressure cylinder acting, temperature and pressure of the exhaust gas is reduced, the exhaust gas is heated to a reheater, and then returned to the steam turbine, a low pressure cylinder continues to work. Furnace body: it refers to a boiler furnace combustion system and its role is to heat the fuel combustion in the furnace as much as possible and transfer heat to the working fluid, and the completion of the water wall and economizer water water heated in the tubes, heated in the dry steam superheater and reheater tubes, the air in the air preheater tube heated. The system consists of: a combustor, furnace, air preheater. Production process: raw coal from the coal by the belt conveyor to the higher field position of the coal bin, the bottom of the coal from the coal bin out through the stoker evenly into the ground to a coal mill. Nature of the atmosphere via the air inlet of the blower is arranged in the vertical flue to the boiler air preheater, subjected to heat of the flue gas, flue gas waste heat recovery. About 250 degrees out of hot air into two air preheater from: one directly introduced into the burners of the boiler as secondary combustion air into the furnace; the other can be introduced into the mill inlet for drying, transporting coal, which said primary air portion of hot air. Excellent flow of drying gas and pulverized coal mixture powder consisting of primary air, conveyed via line separator to be coarse coarse separator, the separated coarse powder inlet sending back regrind mill, and eligible powder and primary air mixture into pulverized powder separator, gas separation, the separated coal fines into storage to save it from the powder according to the magnitude of the thermal load of the boiler, the control of coal flow discharged coal warehouse bottom while separated from the fines separator as the primary air pulverized coal power delivery, after the pressing of mill powder mixture with the gas mixture into a fine powder fed again by a burner into the combustion furnace.
Main contents of boiler energy efficiency test：
1. Boiler thermal efficiency test: a) determination of boiler evaporation; b) boiler excess air coefficient detection; c) exhaust smoke temperature detection; d) fuel combustion efficiency test; e) boiler thermal efficiency test; f) fuel consumption; g) Steam to coal ratio.
2. Boiler new product stereotyped energy efficiency test: Determine whether the boiler thermal performance indicators are consistent with the design and determine the operation mode of the equipment. Such as boiler evaporation, boiler thermal efficiency, combustion efficiency, various heat losses and so on.
3. Boiler operation adjustment test: Determine the most economical operation mode of the boiler and identify defects in the boiler operation. Such as boiler maximum load, boiler minimum load, fuel requirements, economic load, reasonable exhaust gas temperature, optimum wind coal ratio, excess air ratio, secondary air ratio and so on.
4. Comparative test of thermal performance before and after boiler reform: changes in evaporation, effects of combustion, thermal efficiency of boilers, etc.
5, fuel industry analysis, elemental analysis: to judge the quality of oil, gas and other fuels, easy for enterprises to control the quality of fuel into the plant.
6, water quality testing, scale analysis: determine the quality of water, control the boiler water indicators to prevent boiler fouling.