1 Ton Gas Fired Steam Boiler for Food Industrial
At 10:00 on September 6 and more, Harbin, a business is the purchase of a new boiler equipment installation, commissioning process when staff at a boiler pressure gauge index found that the performance of the boiler abnormal, but not so the commissioning personnel when the next step, a sudden loud noise, boiler explosion, a huge flame and furnace pressure debugging of oil spray everywhere, four commissioning personnel are subject to varying degrees of injuries, was taken to hospital for treatment .
Boiler is an energy conversion device, by entering the fuel to the boiler, chemical energy, power, etc., outputs a constant steam heat, hot water or organic heat carrier, to provide support for the heat industries. Meanwhile, the boiler is also a special equipment has a certain risk, when the boiler installation, commissioning, operation, etc., be sure to boiler operation safety first.
Now, Xiao Bian to operational safety considerations gas boiler summarize, we can refer to.
First, start, boost, steam supply
1, before the start of the preparatory work
Internal and external check: Check boiler, burner, a good state of the accessory device; action safety accessories, each of the valves, such as flexible instruments, the correct position.
Check the line voltage to meet the requirements, a variety of normal switch position, respectively, various auxiliary pump starts operating, the burner fan, oil pump is normal.
Boiler Feed: exhaust valve opening, to ensure the normal water level (just below the water level).
Firstly purging the furnace, induced draft fan suction time is usually about 10 minutes to ensure that no residual gas in the furnace, passing substitutions, and ignition for combustion air supply.
After firing is completed according to the adjustment amount of load required for combustion, the boiler into normal operation.
During startup, to closely monitor changes in water level, water boiler accident or occurrence textile full of water accidents.
Second, the normal operation
1, the water level
Fuel gas-fired boiler water table should be the red line indicating the high, medium and low water level, the operation shall not exceed the maximum safe level or below the minimum safe level.
Rinse water table at least once per shift, when there is suspicion of running water, rinse should always check.
2, steam pressure
Red lines indicate the working pressure gauge should have, so sensitive and reliable, the trap should be flushed at least once a week.
3, safety valve
Safety valve should seal intact, no leakage; once a week manually (or automatically) emission test, and begin start pressure, opening pressure, reseating pressure and test time, participants, etc credited maintenance log book u, for future reference .
Proceed as boiler water quality requirements of water quality testing personnel under the guidance of class 1 or 2 times sewage, sewage incident not too long, generally no more than 10 minutes.
Sewage should (preferably when shutdown), should be closely monitored sewage water level changes, and pay attention to safety at the time of low load, low pressure, high water level.
Many boilers when sharing a sewage mains, while sewage is prohibited.
1, the normal shutdown
After normal boiler shutdown should generally be reduced boiler load operation, press the boiler shutdown procedure. Actuated pump water to high water level, pressure steam boiler to be dropped after 0.3MPa flushing water table and sewerage operations, and finally close the raft, cut off the power supply control cabinet, wipe equipment, clean up the environment and health, For water, the water temperature should be below after 70 ℃, before proceeding.
2, emergency shutdown
When the boiler operation in the following situations should immediately shutdown:
Furnace water level drops below the minimum water level gauge visible edges.
Increasing water supply and other measures, but digital still continue to fall.
Boiler water level exceeds the highest visible water table level (full of water), the water still can not see the water level.
All water supply system water pump failure or malfunction, not water to the boiler.
Water gauge or safety valve all the failures.
Endanger the boiler element is damaged and the safety of operating personnel.
Combustion equipment damage, or furnace wall collapse and other red-hot boiler structure is a serious threat to the safe operation of the boiler.
Other anomalies endanger the safe operation of the boiler.
Before maintenance work should be well prepared, as before entering the drum interior work, must be of sufficient strength to connect all of the metal blocking plate spaced reliable steam, water, sewage and other operation of the boiler pipes, and the drum manholes and hand holes (boiler shell) is opened, so that air convection period.
After the completion of preparations to repair. Should ensure that the quarterly frequency of boiler maintenance and repair of the year.
Advances in technology to the boiler industry into new and innovative ideas, now the boiler manufacturers boiler are easy targets toward the operation forward, but in the use of the boiler, improper operation or other quality problems still exist, these failures will It is causing the direct cause of the explosion boilers. Therefore, when using the boiler must be in strict accordance with safety practices boiler, security incidents strangled in the cradle.
The reason you need to know the boiler energy consumption (reheat steam temperature) reheat steam temperature problems 1. Circumstances reheat temperature rises 1.1 Move boiler furnace flame center, furnace outlet temperature increases (see main economic indicators No. 5 boiler exhaust gas temperature). 1.2 coal increased too fast. 1.3 Excess air amount is increased. 1.4 pulverizing system start-stop. 1.5 Automatic control of the reheater desuperheating water improper adjustment. 1.6 reheater sootblowing time poor choice. 1.7 feed water temperature is low. 1.8 the high pressure turbine exhaust temperature is high. Next to the 1.9 high leakage, high reheater inlet temperature. Hot and cold extraction section greater then 1.10. 1.11 boiler heating surface design is unreasonable, over-temperature reheater tube wall, forced cooling operation. 2. Reheat the following partial flame temperature is lowered center 2.1: burner tilt deviation, hem; burner is switched from the upper to the lower layer, the lower layer or to an excessive amount of the powder; volatile coal fraction is increased, the pulverized coal thinning, water reduction. 2.2 reheater heating surface fouling, slagging, fouling the interior. 2.3 Save reheat the heated drain valve. 2.4 automatic adjustment inappropriate, excessive reheater desuperheating water. 2.5 feedwater temperature. 2.6 economizer and water wall sootblowing time poor choice. 2.7 reduce the amount of coal too fast. 2.8 # 1, # 2 high pressure heater is disabled, increasing the reheated steam flow.
15 tph SZL coal-fired water tube boiler project for gelatin industryNTP Gelatine Pvt. Ltd., established in 1957, is a leading gelatin manufacturer in Pakistan. In the manufacturing process of gelatin, plenty of high-quality steam is needed in extraction, concentration and drying, therefore, one set of 1 ton fired steam boiler for food industrial with sufficient output and high quality is critical to the production line. The previous coal-fired steam boiler of NTP Gelatine Pvt. Ltd. had a considerable impact on the production due to inadequate combustion and insufficient combustion, so the company decided to reorder one set of efficient coal-fired steam boiler. ZOZEN coal-fired boilers have outstanding advantages in product design, quality and performance, which were highly appreciated by NTP Gelatine Pvt. Ltd. ZOZEN sales manager conducted a field investigation to inspect the actual working conditions and provided a set of 15 tph SZL series coal-fired water tube boiler. This series of boilers has wide fuel adaptability, and is suitable for many types of coal including bituminous coal, lean coal, anthracite and lignite. In addition, it is equipped with different amounts of independent wind barns according to different evaporation capacity, by which users can adjust the wind supply to ensure the complete combustion on the basis of the type of coal and combustion conditions. Meanwhile, ZOZEN also customized feed system, slagging system and tail flue gas treatment system to increase the economic benefits in highest degree.
The difference of fuel between Oil-fired Boiler and Gas-fired BoilerOil-fired boiler refers to the fuel-fired boiler, including diesel oil, waste oil and other oil boilers. The overall arrangement of the oil-fired boiler is similar to that of the coal-fired boiler, except that the bottom of the furnace of the oil-fired boiler is mostly made into the bottom of the insulation furnace with a tilt to the back wall of 10 °~ 30 °, in order to obtain good combustion characteristics. In order to atomize fuel oil, there are two types of fuel burner nozzle: mechanical centrifugal injector and steam atomized Y type injector. The fuel of the oil-fired boiler is the fuel (such as diesel oil, kerosene, etc.). The fuel of the gas-fired boiler is gas (such as natural gas, city gas, biogas, etc.), depending on what fuel the boiler burns. The difference between a fuel-fired boiler and a gas-fired boiler is what kind of fuel burners are used to burn the gas-fired boilers, which are called gas-fired boilers, oil-fired boilers with fuel-fired burners, and oil-fired boilers called oil-fired boilers.