coal fired industrial water tube steam boiler
Run chemical plant boiler problems that may arise is what chemical plant boiler operation possible problem is? There are two main chemical plant boiler evaporation: evaporation and rated maximum continuous evaporation. When the chemical plant boiler load is higher than the maximum continuous evaporation, it indicates the operating force or overload. The following problems may occur super-load operation: Main results are as follows: (1) due to increased fuel consumption, furnace volume heat load increases, the furnace temperature and furnace flue gas outlet temperature, resulting in the superheater and reheater the superheated steam temperature and wall temperature, and must therefore be strictly monitored and adjusted. Try not to let this time overheating. Coal furnace, furnace volume due to the increased thermal load, increasing the likelihood of slagging. (2) the flow rate of chemical evaporation apparatus system working fluid increases, the flow resistance is increased, it is not conducive to water circulation. Therefore, we should pay particular attention to the monitoring of the water cycle bad area. (3) the pressure differential between the drum and the superheater outlet flow increases as the working fluid and superheater flow resistance increases, so that the pressure of the steam drum and headers increases, the strength of these components must be considered . Space volume load (4) the steam drum, the load increases the evaporation surface, saturated with water vapor would increase, thus affecting the quality of steam. (5) chemical plant boiler safety valve Total displacement designed according to a maximum continuous evaporation. If the chemical plant boiler overload, once the sudden load shedding, the safety valve will not fully open, the steam pressure can not be reduced quickly. At this point, it is necessary to ensure the safety of the boiler by chemical vapor released into the air exhaust valve. (6) With the increase of the amount of air required for combustion and the amount of smoke produced, once sufficient air supply, the air volume is insufficient, the chemical conditions affecting the combustion boiler, increasing the likelihood of slagging; In addition, since the flue gas velocity the increase in fly ash increased the degree of wear of the heating surface. (7) during operation, the exhaust gas temperature rises, the exhaust gas heat loss; shorter residence time in the furnace the fuel, incomplete combustion heat loss of mechanical and chemical incomplete combustion to increase the heat loss, reduce the thermal efficiency of the chemical plant boilers. In summary, the excess chemical plant boiler operation have an adverse impact on the security and economic, should generally not excessive run. If the special emergency must also be strictly limited scope and excess power beyond the time required to force.
Why horizontal gas coal fired industrial water tube steam boiler to run under negative pressure? Horizontal Gas-fired steam boilers are generally negative pressure operation, if the pressure is running high temperature flue gas will cause the furnace to burn jet furnace walls and insulation, but also endanger the safety of operating personnel , the negative pressure is not too large, generally -10 ~ -30Pa, small oil-fired boiler is generally because there is no draft fan for the combustion positive pressure. For improving the thermal efficiency of the boiler has the following methods: a low pressure industrial boiler manufacturers has been designed in consideration of the problem of overheating efficiency, device, or change from the flue gas energy aspects is not possible and thus the best energy boiler operation starting from the (here not On the recovered water of vapor condensation). According to statistics survey, the current design of the thermal efficiency of domestic low-voltage industrial boilers is generally 70 to 90%, generally the actual operation of the thermal efficiency of about 60 to 80%, some even below 50%, a small low pressure industrial boilers as long as the operation, maintenance properly, design can achieve the thermal efficiency of the boiler manufacturers. I think the management and operation of the boiler should pay attention to the following points: First, to monitor the boiler exhaust gas temperature. Usually the largest boiler flue gas heat loss is a loss, so control the boiler flue gas temperature is very important, general industrial boilers low pressure gas (mainly refers to less than 10 tons of boiler and pressure of 1.6MPa, the same below) of the exhaust gas temperature is 150 ~ 180 ℃, oil-fired boiler exhaust gas temperature is 210 ~ 240 ℃, when the exhaust gas temperature is too high to find the cause and timely elimination. Causes of high temperature exhaust gas boiler are: a chamber negative pressure is too high, short-circuiting flue gases, the heat pipe 3 soot is too thick, too thick scale pan 4, etc., oil-fired boiler exhaust gas temperature is too high reasons : 1 air not adjusted oil, the oil is not completely burned in the chimney secondary combustion occurs aft, 2 soot too, the need for timely cleaning, the flue gas short circuit 3, 4 is too thick scale, etc. second, the control of boiler blowdown rate. General industrial boiler blowdown rate controlled at 5 to 10%, in the pot of water to ensure that qualified (mainly total alkalinity and pH) under the premise of boiler blowdown rate as low as possible, the sewage to adhere to the "ground row, row less, uniform discharge "principle. Third, the maintenance of good boiler furnace wall insulation. Boiler heat loss is also a relatively large heat losses, now the boiler manufacturers in the manufacturing and design has been well thought out, so we do not need to change, we just trying to be difficult to maintain. Outsourcing surface temperature generally does not exceed the boiler 50 ℃, such as too high will have to find out the reasons, timely elimination. Boiler insulation should always be kept dry for gas boilers, pressure must not run long, or easy to damage the coal furnace wall and gate and so on. Fourth, adjust the ratio of fuel and air volume, complete combustion of the fuel as possible. Small boilers generally do not have the amount of wind testing instruments, we can only go by experience adjustment. For oil-fired boiler, the normal combustion flame was yellow-white, non-glare, flame stability, no visible smoke chimney; for gas boiler, the normal combustion flame as a light yellow, no visible smoke stack, substantially cinder burn coal particles as uniform as possible. Fifth, there must be complete boiler water treatment. Complete boiler water treatment and water quality testing can maximize prevent boiler scaling and correct guidance of the sewage, but it did not do a lot of small boilers, companies usually do not pay attention.
Introduce some common sense about the boiler 1, the critical speed of the circulating fluid bed boiler. Gas flow rate corresponding to the minimum fluidization velocity or become known as the critical fluidization velocity. 2, the flow characteristics of circulating bed boiler? A high combustion efficiency of the fuel adaptability 2 3 4 desulfurization efficiency is low nitrogen oxide emissions high combustion intensity 5, 6 simply small cross-sectional area of the furnace fuel and coal pretreatment system 7, a large load adjustment range, adjustment is easy to implement fast ash 8 utilization. 3, the partition circulating fluid bed boiler furnace and the corresponding characteristics into dense and dilute phases, a lower dense phase zone of the furnace, filled with hot materials, is a stable source of hot, heat storage is a thermal store , flow therethrough in an upper dilute phase zone of the furnace, the fuel air are required. 4, the positive balance calculation boiler efficiency, combustion of coal, boiler heat losses What? Coal particles is heated and dried: volatile combustion and precipitation: coal particles swell and rupture: re-cracking and coke burning carbon particles and wear. Heat loss 1 2 3 Chemical incomplete combustion loss of physical mechanical incomplete combustion heat of the loss heat loss 4 5 ash. 5, the charging cycle 4 Effect Effect Effect amount of the main factors affecting combustion in the boiler of a coal particle size distribution and particle 2 was 3 Effect fluidization velocity excess air factor 5 bed temperature Dense Phase 6 . 6, the basic form of the heat transfer in? In the heat transfer process, there are three basic ways of heat transfer: thermal and heat transfer, convective heat and radiant heat transfer. 7, their role in recycling and recycling processes? By the economizer feed water into the steam drum, a descending pipe into the water wall, by absorbing the heat released by the combustion of the fuel heating the water in the saturated steam passes through the heat absorbing further heat saturated steam into dry steam heating. 8, sewage, drainage pipe What? Sewer: blowdown drum door (left and right) turn on the water accident door, front door header sewage, sewage tank after the door, left the door header sewage and right door header sewage, sewage water jacket door (about) Dipleg sewage door. Drainage pipe: the low temperature superheater inlet header hydrophobic doors, front / rear desuperheater hydrophobic door header, the high-temperature superheater inlet / outlet header, the header hydrophobic dispensing door. 9, then what are pipe drum? Meter and accessories? Superheater, economizer recirculation duct, platoon expansion tube, a condenser tube, soot blower tube, economizer inlet pipe, the discharge pipe accident, centralized downcomer platoon expansion, a water level gauge, a thermometer, security door, pressure gauge, gas-water separator, header. 10, the cyclone structure and working principle? Cylindrical body, the central cylinder, a cone, a loop seal, the material returning leg, from the high temperature flue gas out of the furnace, two left and right into the two cyclones, increase after turning flue flue gas velocity in the cylinder the center of rotation of the form cylinder back down into the cone upwardly from the central cylinder wall Shuaixiang excluded smoke particles under high effort when the cone reaches the end coupled with its heavy fall below the loop seal. 11, Refeeder role? The ash from the circulation loop seal into the furnace combustion chamber 12, acting characteristics superheater? The use of flue gas heated to a certain pressure saturated steam superheated steam. 13, bag filter works and composition? Principle: inlet flue gas-containing flue dust particles into the lower caul plate over the flue dust reduction chamber, and then through the outlet to reduce the wind speed of the flue draft fan withdrawn via the discharge plenum chamber clean flue upper portion of the bag filter the atmospheric composition: inlet flue, the caul plate, the reduction of flue gas chamber, bag, net flue gas plenum chamber exit gas, ash silo, rotating ash blowing device, the air reservoir. 14, to the mounting position of the coal feeder, the number, composition mounted on the front wall of the furnace, the number of stage three consists of: a motor, a belt coal feeder, reducer, the motor slide. 15, the process of slag from the furnace down the three tap outlet derived by the discharge of slag, after water cooling to cool to a certain temperature onto the cooling belt-type transfusion Pa, and then transported by the inclined transport slag to the slag bin .
Lujiang County, Anhui Province People's Government to strengthen the special equipment safety supervision, eliminate security risks, protect people's lives and property safety, recently, market supervision arrangements father of the rule of the mountain to carry out a special inspection of the boiler.
The area under the jurisdiction, boiler unit 10, involving 13 sets of boilers, mainly for industrial enterprises, food production enterprises. The audit focused on with the operation of the boiler, the boiler nature of the situation (coal, electricity, gas, biomass, etc.), verification test cases, water quality monitoring, troubleshooting, case workers certified, the implementation of the system, etc. . Examination revealed there is some use of units overdue inspection, the main responsibility is not implemented and so on, law enforcement officials immediately issued special equipment safety supervision instructions, the use of units ordered to stop using, to urge the rectification.