5 ton gas fired boilers
Recently, the National Energy Board, the Department of Ecology Environment issued "on the issuance of 2018, the provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) of coal ultra-low emissions and energy-saving targets and tasks" (the "Notice"), called on all localities continued to do over coal low-emission and energy-saving, and promote the development of clean and efficient coal. Ultra-low emissions and to promote energy-saving work in the country has been more than two years, has been established to complete the task of transformation in the eastern provinces, the transformation of the focus shifted to the central and western regions, while the transformation of scope as technology advances and the increasing demand for policy gradually extended.
Under the "notice" requirement, this year nationwide, ultra-low emissions coal power reform objectives and tasks a total of 48.68 million kilowatts, energy-saving goal is to reach 53.905 million kilowatts. In 2016, the capacity of the units involved in the transformation of two to 254.36 million kilowatts, respectively, and 189.4 million kilowatts, good reform bear fruit.
President of the State Power Environmental Protection Research Institute Zhu France and China, said: "By the end of last year, a nationwide ultra-low emissions transformation target task completion rate has reached 71%," ultra-low emissions coal and transformation better, the eastern region has been basically completed, part central provinces ahead of the completion of the task of transformation.
In 2015, the former Ministry of Environmental Protection, the National Development and Reform Commission, the National Energy Board issued "the full implementation of ultra-low emissions and energy-saving programs of work-fired power plant", requires the completion of the eastern part of the overall transformation of ultra-low emissions before the end of 2017, the central region and strive in 2018 years basically completed, the completion of the western region in 2020. "2018 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) of coal ultra-low emissions and energy-saving task summary table" (hereinafter referred to as "transformation task list") shows that the eastern provinces have been basically completed the transformation of ultra-low emissions, not published this year transformation capacity unit task. But it is located in the Yangtze River Delta, Jiangsu Province, still issued 1.4 million kilowatts ultra-low emissions and energy-saving renovation target of 900,000 kilowatts.
Zhu France and China, said, "in accordance with the requirements of 2015, Jiangsu has completed the ultra-low emissions and energy-saving target in 2017. However, the new policy will be more units into the transformation range, Jiangsu this year, there is still the task of transformation. In June, the State Council issued a "winning blue sky battle three-year action plan" (hereinafter referred to as "three-year action plan"), required by the end of 2020, more than 65 tons of steam key areas of coal-fired boilers have completed ultra-low emissions and energy-saving. "
It is understood that "three-year action plan" prior to the implementation of energy-saving and environmental protection requirements only for the reconstruction of more than 300,000 kilowatts of conventional units, more than 100,000 kilowatts of power plant owned units. "According to the existing requirements, including Beijing and Tianjin and the surrounding areas, the Yangtze River Delta region and Fenwei plains, including the key areas, more than 65 tons of steam boilers are also included in the scope of the transformation will involve part of 100,000 kilowatts or less captive power plant units and industrial boilers. "Zhu France and China, said," "three-year action plan" in addition to the deadline of 2020, does not provide a specific timetable for the task. Next, the key areas are the provinces in accordance with the requirements of more units, boiler transformation. "
"Task of transformation" table displays, ultra-low emissions transformation capacity this year, mainly in the western region of Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Gansu, Xinjiang and so on. In the trend of ultra-low emissions overall speed of the transformation, central Shanxi, Anhui, Henan and other provinces in the region have been completed ahead of the transformation target ultra-low emissions, but energy-saving task still more arduous. Among them, Henan Province this year, energy-saving target capacity of 10.8 million kilowatts, Hunan has reached 9.995 million kilowatts.
Since the ultra-low emission transformation involves the emission of pollutants and other environmental problems, caused by the high social concern. In contrast, concern about energy-saving electric power mainly from the enterprises themselves. Zhu France and China, told reporters, on the one hand is the national energy saving policy requirements, on the other hand also in line with the needs of enterprises to reduce their own costs. At present coal prices continued to run high, coal companies operating pressure, reduce production costs even more urgent demand.
In 2014, the National Development and Reform Commission, the former Ministry of Environmental Protection, the National Energy Board issued "coal upgrading and transformation of energy saving action plan (2014-2020 years)", for energy-saving technology roadmap active coal-fired power units were enumerated, involving the master each link auxiliary equipment, environmental protection equipment and a total of 20 reform measures, in addition to "subcritical unit transformed into ultra (ultra) supercritical units", the rest of the technology have already matured.
In recent years, along with tighter environmental requirements, provide renovation and operation and maintenance services to the rapid development of environmental protection industry. In particular third-party environmental companies, with technical, cost and other advantages, occupy a certain share of power generation enterprise environmental transformation market. But a power industry experts said, is very difficult third-party independent companies to enter the field of environmental protection energy-saving power plant.
"Ultra-low emission increase in the transformation of the original system is new equipment, energy-saving and optimized for major transformation of existing equipment, and boiler plant, steam turbine plant than environmental protection enterprises to understand their own devices." The expert said, "Not only that as systems engineering, energy-efficient coal-fired units involved in the whole process of production, and plant operation economy, is closely related to security, not easily open to third-party companies. third-party companies to enter the energy-saving environmental protection than to enter the market face greater pressure."
So now some corporate buyers, might face the problem of 5 ton fired boilers equipment selection and purchase of the equipment for such boilers choose when to go or should take into account the energy aspect of it, such as boiler plant, is the emergence of many different forms of energy, such as electric boiler equipment now, there is natural gas. And making choices, it should also take into account the current boiler equipment, in terms of security it is how, is not able to have a good operability and so on.
Problematic fired 5 ton fired boilers (1) Henan small boiler gas boiler should be noted, by the Henan coal into gas boiler, i.e. the original becomes a negative pressure is now slightly positive pressure combustion burner, the furnace must be noted that the structure and the sealing wall problem; (2) prevent explosion of the furnace, a gas fired boiler furnace to Henan, when defective or incomplete combustion of fuel atomization gas in the furnace or heating surface of the end aggregate, fire or explosion occurs, and therefore, in appropriate sites shall boiler explosion vent means, while the control program should be added to the ignition and flame protection device of automatic control, to ensure safe operation of the boiler; (3) the selection and arrangement of the burner close to the furnace in the form of, should the flame in the furnace better fullness without forming dead air; adjacent flame of the burner to avoid mutual interference; low load flame holding in the furnace central position, offset from the center of the furnace to avoid the flame center of symmetry; unburned gas-air mixture is not in contact with the heated surface , to avoid the formation of incomplete combustion gases; hot flame to avoid high-speed heating surface erosion, in order to avoid excessive heating surface so that the wall strength of overheating. Burner arrangement also consider the gas pipe and duct arrangement, easy to operate, inspection and maintenance; (4) Mechanized layered coal-fired boiler, gas boiler to change Henan, first removing its longitudinal arch, taking into account the increase in the bottom heating surface to replace the grate, grate to prevent overheating burn; (5) gas velocity Henan convection heating surface is not limited by the gas boiler ash abrasion conditions, gas velocity can be increased properly, so the convection heat transfer heating surface coefficient increases, without increasing the heating surface of the boiler, can increase the pressure of the boiler, steam-water separation capability should be noted that at this time means the pot to ensure the quality of steam, hot air for the boiler had particularly important.
The transformation of low nitrogen 5 ton fired boilers should be noted that what matters for retrofitting low nitrogen boiler should be noted that what? Of nitrogen oxide emissions is large, complex sources, environmental problems caused by acid deposition, fine particles, ozone, nitrogen oxides and analysis of contamination status must be further strengthened. If you do not take further measures to reduce emissions, with the United States and the United States to speed up economic development, population growth and urbanization, nitrogen oxide emissions will continue to grow in China in the future. Based on current trends, by 2030, emissions will reach 35.4x106 tonnes, will inevitably cause serious environmental impacts. Therefore, we must effectively enhance the emission control of nitrogen oxides. From this we can see that low nitrogen boiler is imperative! A check device to check for low NOX combustion gas before commissioning is in place, the gas pipeline flow is clean, whether the valve is open. There is a burner pipe leaks, reasonable pipeline installation. Discharging vent pipe valve from the foregoing, to ensure that no mixing of the air duct, and the exhaust pipe should be connected to the outdoor. Second, stable combustion and combustion of homeostasis Remember, combustion adjustment is the basis for all of the low nitrogen burner adjustment, as long as guaranteed under any changes in operating conditions of combustion stability and combustion of dynamic equilibrium, to burn steam temperature influence is even greater. Since the steam temperature is a sign flue gas heat value balance between the steam and heat absorption, this can be maintained as long as the dynamic balance, steam temperature can be kept stable. Third, the level of flame boiler boiler central flame center is also an important factor in high impact low-temperature steam. In the high temperature steam operation, the amount of coal combustor exhaust can be reduced, the amount of the lower stage burner of coal may be increased, and vice versa. Running low nitrogen burners, it should also be noted effect of different combinations of temperature steam mill. Steam at a low temperature exhaust composition regulating a large margin, the combination of the high temperature exhaust temperature adjusting stage so small margin overheat. It should be strengthened and soot blowing air distribution according to the situation.